A key note paper on the Bulgarian situation was delivered by Professor Dimitar Ninov. Among many of the causes for the high levels of poverty and inequality in Bulgaria Prof Ninov highlighted socially unjust tax policies, market fundamentalism and reduced wage size and levels compared to the GDP produced. Fintan Farrell, Director of EAPN gave the key note address from the European perspective. It was an opportunity to reiterate the messages of EAPN to the Annual Convention. The papers from the conference can be found at www.union-econ.com.